First, if you still have even the slightest doubts about the Bible’s truthfulness and accuracy, please read the REMINDER page. (Magnification of 125% may be best for viewing.)
TWO LITTLE KNOWN, LITTLE PUBLICIZED FACTS:
1) “DESTITUTE OF THE MOSAIC LAW …… TO SIN IN IGNORANCE OF THE MOSAIC LAW” IS THE REAL GREEK DEFINITION OF LAWLESSNESS (ANOMIA) IN MATTHEW 7:23: “…… I never knew you, depart from Me, you who practice LAWLESSNESS.” MERELY SPEAKING OF HOLY OLD TESTAMENT LAWS IN A CONTEMPTUOUS MANNER, ALSO, SEEMS TO BE AN EXTREMELY SERIOUS, SEPARATE SIN IN ITSELF!! This same relatively rare anomia word also appears in the terrifying MATTHEW 13:41,42 “furnace of fire” verses, and it really does refer to Old Testament laws such as the remaining festival, food, tithing, and Saturday rest laws that NEVER WERE singled out by the Apostles as abolished. They “went out of their way” to clearly, by name, itemize the sacrifice, circumcision, Levitical priesthood, and automatic death penalty laws as abolished, BUT NOT OTHER MAJOR OT LAWS!! Read THE REAL, LITERAL DEFINITION OF LAWLESSNESS page to see with your own eyes Thayer’s formal definition of lawlessness (anomia) which shows that the literal Greek DOES refer mostly to the Mosaic laws. Joseph H. Thayer was one of the world’s top experts on Greek word definitions.
2) Not just a few, but MOST English translations of the Bible are TAINTED (RUINED may be a better word) with a VERY MISLEADING, ANTI-OLD TESTAMENT, PERSONAL OPINION INSERTED BY TRANSLATORS AFTER THE ORIGINAL GREEK AT THE END OF MARK 7:19, which tries to make you think that the food laws have been abolished. According to the literal Greek the subject of Mark 7:19 really is DIRTY, UNWASHED HANDS, NOT forbidden food. Just that one statement alone by the translator automatically reveals his true attitude towards OT law keeping, which he will try to subtly express throughout the entire NT, seizing the opportunity wherever he can to take advantage of seemingly vague or ambiguous law keeping verses to assert his own theology. Christians of the caliber of law keeping Paul would probably mobilize to unleash the “hounds from Hell” to expose this destructive, heretical translation atrocity, the unsolicited insertion of personal opinions directly into the Holy Scriptures. Read EXAMPLES OF TRANSLATORS’ BIAS AGAINST OT LAWS to see what most of them have been able to get away with, which is tampering with divine instructions for salvation, and become aware of 6 good reasons why NOTHING, ABSOLUTELY NOTHING in the entire chapter of Mark 7 actually refers to the protective, Mosaic dietary restrictions. That unjustified, prejudiced addition plus the widespread, DELIBERATE SLANTING of the literal translation of certain other usually overly concise, over generalized, controversial law verses (Acts 15:24, Ephesians 2:15, Hebrews 7:18, Mark 7:19, etc.) away from all OT law keeping is a major, if not THE MAJOR REASON why mainstream Christianity has sinfully abandoned observing many still valid Mosaic laws. The words in that remark at the end of Mark 7:19 are NOT the original words of Jesus or of any Apostle. The magnitude of this ABOMINABLE TRANSLATION ATROCITY is so immense that words cannot adequately describe it except possibly one: Satanic. Apparently that old, lying “Serpent” has again successfully slithered his way into much of what we trust the most. NO VERSE, NOT EVEN ROMANS 6:14: “…… you are not under the law but under GRACE,” clearly, beyond reasonable doubt, proves that the dietary, tithing, festival, Saturday Sabbath rest, and certain other OT laws really have been annulled. Romans 6:14 is correctly explained in the second paragraph below. Read 7 VERSES MAINSTREAMERS CLAIM ABOLISH THE FOOD LAWS to see more verses mainstream Christians, determined to evade obeying God’s laws, misinterpret, twisting them out of context.
Did you know that God will use the SAME STANDARD which is the LAW (certain remaining OT laws plus some magnified OT laws in the NT), TO JUDGE BOTH JEWS AND GENTILES? ROMANS 2:10-13: “But God will give glory, honor …… to the Jews FIRST and also to the Gentiles. 11 For God JUDGES EVERYONE BY THE SAME STANDARD. 12 The Gentiles …… SIN …… . THE JEWS have the Law; they SIN and ARE JUDGED BY THE LAW. 13 …… people are put right with God …… by DOING WHAT THE LAW COMMANDS.” (Good News Translation) The very statement in verse 12 above that the Gentiles do actually SIN reveals that they, too, to be sinless, are required to obey the law.
“…… YOU ARE NOT UNDER (hupo) THE LAW BUT UNDER (hupo) GRACE” states Romans 6:14. This O-B-V-I-O-U-S-L-Y is a HIGHLY CONDENSED, HIGHLY CONDITIONAL, and therefore QUITE INCOMPLETE verse for a number of reasons, one of which is because GRACE is mentioned, which REQUIRES the Holy Spirit which in turn REQUIRES LAW KEEPING JUST TO ACQUIRE THE HOLY SPIRIT IN THE FIRST PLACE (Acts 2:38)!! It is the SECOND HALF of the law, the P-E-N-A-L-T-Y part, primarily the potentially eternal death penalty part of OT law that true Christians are no longer under (Romans 8:2: “…… Jesus has made me free from the law of sin and death”), as well as the sacrifice, circumcision, and Levitical priesthood laws specifically itemized by the Apostles as now abolished. The very next verse, Romans 6:15, however, shows that the FIRST HALF of the law, the O-B-E-D-I-E-N-C-E part, must still be obeyed. Romans 6:15: “What then? Shall we sin because we are not under law but under grace? Certainly not!” 1 John 3:4: “Sin is the violation of the torah.” (ExeGeses Companion Bible) Acts 2:38 commands us to stop sinning and be baptized for our sins to be forgiven, then we will receive the Holy Spirit. Stop sinning means to stop breaking Bible laws, and the ONLY WAY to do that is by OBEYING those laws. So acquisition of the Holy Spirit REQUIRES obedience to the law. MATTHEW 19:17 and REVELATION 22:14 are additional evidence as solid as you can get that Romans 6:14 is very generalized and definitely not absolute, which reveal that obeying the laws in the 10 Commandments (which contain the OT Friday sunset to Saturday sunset Sabbath rest law) is still a non-negotiable requirement to enter God’s kingdom. Matthew 19:17: “….. BUT IF you want to enter into life, keep the commandments.” Revelation 22:14: “Blessed are those who do His commandments, that they may HAVE THE RIGHT to the tree of life ……” So those and many other NT verses prove that Christians still need to observe the obedience part of some OT laws which are not necessarily itemized in the NT. Evidence that Romans 6:14 is conditional lies in 1) GALATIANS 5:18 which reveals that the ONLY people not “under” the law are Christians who HAVE the Holy Spirit, and are led by it and 2) ACTS 2:38 which in turn reveals that acquiring the Holy Spirit in the first place is HIGHLY CONDITIONAL on LAW KEEPING because Christians must SINCERELY REPENT (repent of sinning) to receive the Holy Spirit, which means they must STOP sinning, defined Biblically as breaking primarily Old Testament laws. The O-N-L-Y way to stop breaking those laws is to OBEY those laws!! This means, for example, that you still CANNOT eat raw oysters which are usually infested with vibrio vulnificus (flesh eating) bacteria, or the most carcinogenic, INTRAcellularly fat saturated, commonly eaten meat on planet Earth, pork, or a strongly suspected Ebola vector, monkey meat (just handling a pre-cooked monkey can give you the Ebola virus). You CANNOT EVEN TOUCH those and other sometimes dangerous foods according to 2 Corinthians 6:17, forbidden foods which can cause serious illness, disability, or even death. Matthew 23:23 and Luke 11:42 remind us that the OT tithing laws must also still be obeyed. A recent large survey of 4,413 tithers nation wide revealed that tithers are generally RICHER, not poorer, than non-tithers according to STATEofthePLATE.info/index.htm, indicating a supernatural, modern day cause and effect relationship between tithing and above average prosperity. Romans 3:25 shows that grace allows ONLY pre-conversion sins to be forgiven, not continuous, deliberate, post baptismal sins. According to usage in the King James Version the Greek word hupo usually translated ‘under” in Romans 6:14 could just as easily be translated as “You are not AMONG, BY, FROM, IN, OF, or WITH the law ……,” especially FROM or OF, which are more appropriate, slightly less contradictory translations than UNDER because the context of Romans 6:14 and 15 STRONGLY SUPPORTS continued law keeping. Holy Spirit led Christians, a special class of Christians, for at least 2 reasons did not originate wholly or completely “BY” or “FROM” or “IN” or “OF” or “WITH” the law because 1) there is nothing in Old Testament law about the Holy Spirit, and 2) MOST IMPORTANTLY, BY FAR, THEY ARE NO LONGER “UNDER” OR SUBJECT TO THE AUTOMATIC OR POTENTIALLY ETERNAL DEATH PENALTY FOR SINNING LAW according to Romans 8:2, which is a major, major OT law or principle. Also, mainstreamers seem to be willingly oblivious to the deeper meaning of the Greek preposition hupo, Strong’s 5259, further defined by Strong, Thayer, and others as “spec. COVERTLY or MODERATELY,” implying that the various possible definitions/translations of hupo are not always 100% absolute with no exceptions. In other words, Romans 6:14 could be more plainly translated “…… YOU ARE MODERATELY NOT UNDER (or AMONG, BY, FROM, IN, OF or WITH) THE LAW ……” which would conform to the strong law keeping support shown in Romans 6:14 and 15. Therefore Romans 6:14 is not really contradictory at all. Since most Bible translators are personally biased against OT law keeping, it appears that they gleefully leaped at the opportunity to translate hupo as “under” in Romans 6:14, which is THE TRANSLATION THAT CONTRADICTS THE PRO-LAW KEEPING CONTEXT THE MOST, of all the possible translations, which is sometimes a legitimate translation of hupo in over 208 other verses, DEPENDING ON THE CONTEXT. Some translations do use “of” or “by” instead of “under” in Romans 6:14.
While most Christians think ROMANS 6:14 and similar “you are not under or have been released from the law” verses free them from law obedience, all of those verses actually ABSOLUTELY STILL DEMAND OBEDIENCE to those laws not itemized by the Apostles as now annulled. ROMANS 6:14, which says that Christians “…… are not under the law BUT UNDER GRACE,” DEMANDS that they OBEY THE LAWS STILL APPLICABLE to Christians because grace DEMANDS possession of the Holy Spirit, which in turn DEMANDS continued obedience to certain OT laws just to acquire the Holy Spirit in the first place!! In addition, ROMANS 6:14 is further QUALIFIED by GALATIANS 5:18 which says “BUT IF YOU ARE LED BY THE SPIRIT, YOU ARE NOT UNDER THE LAW.” YOU MUST BE TRULY SORRY FOR SINNING IN THE PAST AND AGREE TO NOW OBEY THE LAW (THE REMAINING PARTS OF THE LAW), THOUGH, JUST TO ACQUIRE THE ESSENTIAL, GUIDING HOLY SPIRIT according to ACTS 2:38 and ACTS 5:32 below.
ACTS 2:38: “Peter replied, ‘All of you MUST TURN AWAY FROM YOUR SINS and be baptized in the name of Jesus Christ. Then your sins will be forgiven. You will receive the gift of the the HOLY SPIRIT.” (New International Reader’s Version) The Greek for “SINS” refers to anomia, defined as breaking mostly OT laws. “Turn away from your sins” means EXACTLY the same as STOP BREAKING BIBLICAL LAWS. The O-N-L-Y way to show evidence of sincere repentance for sinning is to stop breaking Biblical laws, by OBEYING Biblical laws. For those who mistakenly believe that all the OT laws have been abolished, why does Acts 2:38 require us to stop breaking OT laws if those laws have been abolished? Obvious conclusion: Many of those laws never were abolished!!
ACTS 5:32: “…… The HOLY SPIRIT, which God gave to those who OBEY Him ……” (New Simplified Bible)
1 JOHN 3:4: “…… SIN IS the VIOLATION of the TORAH.” (exeGeses Companion Bible)
1 JOHN 3:4: “…… SIN hamartia 266 IS esti 2076 LAWLESSNESS anomia 458.” (The Interlinear Bible Hebrew Greek English) The Biblical definition of sin as “spelled out” in 1 John 3:4 involves violating primarily the OT law according to the definition of anomia.
LAWS CONSIST OF 1) THE LAWS THEMSELVES (OBEDIENCE) PLUS 2) THE PENALTIES FOR DISOBEDIENCE, AND SINCE LAW OBEDIENCE IS REQUIRED BY ACTS 2:38 and 5:32 TO RECEIVE THE SALVATION REQUIRED HOLY SPIRIT,
THE REMAINING PART OF THE LAW LEFT TO NOT BE UNDER IS 2) THE PENALTY FOR DISOBEDIENCE (DEATH), WHICH IS THE PART (LAW OBEYING) CHRISTIANS ARE NO LONGER UNDER (the part of the law Romans 6:14 says we are not under), explained by ROMANS 8:2: “…… Jesus has made me FREE FROM THE LAW OF SIN AND DEATH.” Christians are no longer under the law of sin and death, or the penalty of sin, which is automatic death. TURNED AROUND, GALATIANS 5:18 SHOWS THAT ALL CHRISTIANS (AND ALL NON-CHRISTIANS) NOT LED BY THE HOLY SPIRIT (or primarily those who do not even have the Holy Spirit because they never sincerely repented of sinning) ARE STILL UNDER THE LAW, PROVING THAT SOME OT LAWS NEVER WERE ABOLISHED. Romans 8:2 cannot really say that we are not under the obedience part of the law because that would mean that we can now break OT laws prohibiting bestiality, the removal of property landmarks, the prosecution of a son for a crime committed by his father, etc., which of course is ridiculous, violating all common sense, all standards of decency, and all reasonable logic. It says we are no longer under the more specific law of sin and death. Jesus’ death paid the penalty for disobedience, but He paid it only for law obeying Christians.
The Biblical definition of GRACE is defined as follows: ROMANS 3:24,25: “…… GRACE, through …… Jesus: …… 25 in His pity God let the SINS OF EARLIER TIMES GO UNPUNISHED” (Bible in Basic English). The words “SINS OF EARLIER TIMES” mean “past sins,” and past sins only, not future or post baptismal, un-repented of sins. Grace is not an unlimited license to sin after initial repentance of sinning, defined as breaking Biblical laws. TO REMAIN UNDER GRACE, WHICH IS A TYPE OF PARDON FOR PAST SINS, YOU MUST STOP SINNING SINCE GRACE COVERS ONLY PAST, PRE-BAPTISMAL SINS REPENTED OF AND FUTURE SINS COMMITTED ACCIDENTALLY OR THROUGH EXTREME TEMPTATION OR CARELESSNESS, IF SINCERELY REPENTED OF. A state governor, for example, usually will not pardon and free an imprisoned, unrepentant murderer who openly admits that he cannot guarantee that he will not murder again.
Mainstream Christians just love to use the following verses as “proof” that all OT laws have been abolished. Most of them insist that “commandments contained in ordinances” refers to all the OT laws. A close analysis, though, shows that only MAN MADE, primarily Jewish ORAL Torah laws have been abolished. EPHESIANS 2:14,15: “For He Himself is our peace, who has made both one, and has broken down the middle wall of separation, 15 having abolished in His flesh the enmity, that is, the law of commandments CONTAINED IN ORDINANCES, so as to create in Himself one new man from the two, thus making peace.” (New King James Version) Matthew 19:17 and Revelation 22:14 instantly demolish any mainstreamer’s hope that verse 15 says that all Biblically recorded, written OT laws have been abolished. Those latter 2 verses confirm that Christians must still rest on the OT Saturday Sabbath. You cannot really get away with ignoring the all important context and especially the ORIGINAL GREEK here. Verse 14 refers to a literal, physical wall that was originally in the Temple separating Jews from the gentiles. Man made (made by the Jews) Oral Torah laws warned gentiles not to cross a certain barrier within the Temple that led further into the Temple lest trespassers be executed. Verse 15 shows that Jesus has rendered inconsequential those man made AND ONLY MAN MADE laws because both Jews and gentiles now have access to salvation. Biblically recorded, written laws made by God are not within the context here, so those are not the laws that were abolished. The first definition of the Greek for “ordinances” refers only to man made laws EVERY TIME the word “ordinances” appears elsewhere in the Bible. Ordinances NEVER refers to laws created by God such as the dietary and festival laws. Remember Matthew 19:17 and Revelation’s 22:14 command to keep the OT Saturday Sabbath rest law, showing that Ephesians 2:15 cannot be referring to all OT laws. For a better understanding please read the lower half of ACTS 15:24, COLOSSIANS 2:14, AND EPHESIANS 2:15 DO NOT PROVE MOST LAWS WERE ABOLISHED.
2 CORINTHIANS 3:7,11: “But if the ministry of death, written and engraved on stones, was glorious …… which glory was passing away, …….. 11 For if what is passing away was glorious, what remains is much more glorious. ……..” Briefly, what was passing away was the Old Covenant and certain Apostle itemized OT laws, ESPECIALLY the sacrifices which were still going on in the Temple when this epistle was written. Mainstreamers mistakenly assume ALL OT laws were abolished, too, when the Old Covenant, which was separate from OT laws, was replaced with the New Covenant. Please read the page 48 MORE VERSES MAINSTREAMERS USE TO TRY TO MAKE YOU THINK OT LAW KEEPING HAS BEEN DONE AWAY WITH and scroll down to number 3.
Did you know that the food laws PREDATE (Genesis 7:2,8, 8:20) the codification of the Mosaic law (therefore making the later supposed abolishment of the Mosaic food laws irrelevant and not even applicable, if they really were abolished)? Since Paul warned us to NOT EVEN TOUCH the Levitically unclean (and by obvious implication not eat it [2 Corinthians 6:17]), and since futuristic Revelation 18:2 CONFIRMS the continued existence of unclean (forbidden to eat) animals, and since Isaiah 66:23 reveals that all Christians will EVENTUALLY WORSHIP THE LORD ON SATURDAYS proving ANOTHER MOSAIC LAW (the Sabbath rest law) never was abolished, you cannot really say beyond reasonable doubt that the protective dietary restrictions have been annulled. There simply is too much evidence to ignore supporting the continued observance of the food laws.
Before additional NT evidence is more carefully explained showing that the food laws, for example, still apply to Christians, you need to understand better what over generalized “not under the law” really means. The ORIGINAL, WHOLE law (Galatians 5:3, James 2:10) codified by Moses that Christians are no longer under, PREVIOUSLY REQUIRED OBEYING
1) the now abolished SACRIFICE laws (Hebrews 9:9-13, 10:1,10), specifically discussed and identified by name,
2) the now abolished CIRCUMCISION law (Acts 15:24, 1 Corinthians 7:19), specifically discussed and identified by name,
3) the now abolished LEVITICAL PRIESTHOOD (Hebrews 7:11-28), specifically discussed and identified by name, AND MOST IMPORTANTLY BY FAR,
4) the now abolished AUTOMATIC DEATH PENALTY FOR SIN (Romans 8:2), also specifically discussed and identified by name, thanks to the sacrificial death of our Savior, Jesus Christ.
And that’s it, period, end of discussion, case closed, because the NT DOES NOT single out as abolished any more OT laws. Previously, you should have been ALREADY EXECUTED AND QUICKLY BURIED MANY TIMES for repeatedly working on Saturdays (Numbers 15:35) or for cursing your parents when you were younger (Mark 7:10), if you did that, REGARDLESS of whether or not you had later repented of those sins, for some examples. Due to the severity of this monumental law of sin and death we all must still experience a physical death. This law of sin and automatic death, though, has been annulled ONLY for REPENTANT, baptized, Holy Spirit led Christians (Galatians 5:18) continuing to obey NT modified OT law who also continue to repent whenever they “stumble” and sin (1 John 2:1, Romans 8:2, 1 Corinthians 9:27). Romans 8:2 was a MAJOR change in the ORIGINAL OT. The Old Covenant, though not literally a part of the original law itself, has been changed and improved greatly (2 Corinthians 3:11). The Biblical use of the word “covenant” generally simply refers to an agreement or promise, not to something that contains a set of laws, as demonstrated in Genesis 9:12-17 where the covenant was between God and man, including animals. Since animals cannot understand laws, that covenant logically did not involve laws to be obeyed. Yes, the OT Old Covenant was abolished, but OT laws were separate from the Old Covenant, so that does not mean that all the OT laws were abrogated. The New Covenant now promises 1) complete forgiveness of sin that has been repented of, 2) the Holy Spirit, and 3) immortality which were not available in the physical blessings and protection for obedience based Old Covenant.
We are COMMANDED to obey the Ten Commandments (13 times) and the tithing laws (Matthew 23:23, Luke 11:42) in the NT. Are those laws, which contain the Saturday rest and tithing laws, part of the original OT laws? Yes, obviously!! That is unchallengeable proof that HIGHLY QUALIFIED, CONCISE verses saying basically that we “are no longer under the law” CANNOT POSSIBLY be saying ABSOLUTELY that we no longer need to obey ANY of the OT laws. Some OT laws command us to not remove property landmarks and to not be a member of a vandalizing mob, common sense laws which even most pagan societies in the most remote areas of Africa obey. So are you REALLY going to STILL try to use Romans 6:14 and similar verses (“dead to the law,” “delivered from the law,” etc.) to claim that the observance of THOSE 2 good laws, which are not mentioned in the NT, has been abolished, too? Just try to keep steadily breaking those laws and you probably will fairly quickly end up in jail, seriously wounded, or dead, learning the hard way that the continued, strict observance of those particular OT laws, and by implication the rest of the still applicable OT laws, HAS NOT BEEN ABOLISHED.
ISAIAH 66:17: “SOME OF YOU …… EAT THE MEAT OF PIGS …… BUT I, THE LORD, WILL DESTROY YOU FOR THIS.” (Contemporary English Version)
Some OT laws have been abolished, such as the sacrifice and circumcision laws which are CLEARLY IDENTIFIED BY NAME AND DISCUSSED in the NT. NO SUCH SPECIFIC DISCUSSIONS, keiner, nessuno, none at all, though, about changes in the dietary laws (or tithing, festival, or Saturday rest laws, either) are found anywhere in the NT. Among dozens of law commanding NT verses there are some verses, though few, that do give additional, specific support for continuing to obey the food laws such as Acts 10:14 (the custom of Peter was to NEVER eat forbidden food which is a very strong indicator that the rest of the like minded Apostles also NEVER ate forbidden food), 2 Corinthians 6:17 (nothing UNCLEAN [the Greek word can refer to the Levitically unclean meats] was to be EVEN TOUCHED, much less eaten by implication) and Revelation 18:2 (the fact that UNCLEAN birds still existed showed that unclean, forbidden to eat animals were still around). The fact that those three verses do exist at all adds TREMENDOUS support to the idea that the dietary laws are still in force. The mere existence of even just one verse (Corinthians 5:8) supporting the continued observance of the OT festivals also adds GREATLY to the understanding that festival observance is still very much in force. Another insurmountable problem you will have trouble explaining away is the context of Isaiah’s verse 17 above. The time frame of Isaiah 66:17 refers to the distant future after a “new earth” has been created, a time that has not yet arrived. The Lord will finally run out of patience and destroy those who still insist with deliberate rebelliousness on eating the forbidden foods in a future age occurring after the coming Christian millennium (Revelation 20:1-7) when tigers, leopards, and all the other big cats will be eating grass, not meat (Isaiah 65:25). There is a conspicuous absence of prophecies telling us that currently abolished circumcision, for example, or the currently abolished, Levitical Priesthood will continue on in the distant future when a “new earth” will have been created, which helps add to the validity of Isaiah 66:17. Those Isaiah verses re-assert the need to, even in the future, continue avoiding eating the “unclean” meats.
Paul, a Benjamite, was not a Jew, but he diligently observed the Mosaic HOLY DAYS (festivals) and Saturday Sabbath according to Acts 18:21, 20:6, 27:9, 1 Corinthians 5:8 and other verses. Since he INSTRUCTED Christians to copycat his religious behavior, he therefore told his followers to also keep the HOLY DAYS and Sabbath according to
1 CORINTHIANS 11:1: “Imitate me, just as I also imitate Christ.”
1 CORINTHIANS 4:16: “Therefore I urge you, imitate me.”
ACTS 25:8: “….. ‘I have committed no offense against the Jewish law …..” (New English Translation)
ACTS 28:17: “….. I assure you that I did absolutely nothing against Jewish laws …..” (The Message)
ACTS 24:14: “….. I worship the God of my Fathers, BELIEVING ALL THINGS WHICH ARE WRITTEN IN THE LAW and in the Prophets.” Paul’s teachings were identically the same as those of Jesus, Whose doctrines in turn WERE THE SAME as those of God the Father. Therefore neither Paul, Jesus, or God the Father has abolished the law, which still includes the dietary, tithing, and festival laws.
JOHN 7:16: “…… ‘My doctrine IS NOT MINE, BUT HIS WHO SENT ME.”
2 JOHN 1:9: “Whoever transgresses and does not abide in the doctrine of Christ does not have God. He who abides in the doctrine of Christ HAS BOTH the Father and the Son.”
JOHN 4:22: “…… salvation is FROM THE JEWS [i.e., through Jewish prophets, Jewish Scriptures and a Jewish Messiah].” (An Understandable Version)
Since the previously unwritten Saturday Sabbath, forbidden food, and tithing laws, just to name a few, PREDATE the “law” formally established at Mount Sinai, there is no clear Scriptural evidence to prove that anomia does not include certain OT laws such as the dietary, tithing, Saturday Sabbath, and other laws that Jesus strongly supported. Genesis 14:18-20, 28:22, Exodus 16:23-30, and Genesis 7:2,8, 8:20 show that tithing, Saturday rest, and dietary restrictions were in FULL FORCE before the “law” was later codified. Even someone you want to become “yoked with” (married to) MUST obey the law according to 2 Corinthians 6:14 where anomia also appears.
1) Yes, some verses put law keeping in its proper perspective, explaining that it is really grace that saves us, not law keeping. Those merely ABSTRACT, INTELLECTUAL OBSERVATIONS, though, do not specifically, clearly state that law keeping really can be abandoned. To illustrate, it is really a bullet that kills a person, not the gun or murderer pulling the trigger. But the killing bullet REQUIRES a gun plus a human to aim and pull the trigger. Likewise grace requires law keeping for grace to exist.
2) Yes, some verses are very broad generalizations saying essentially say that love fulfills the law. Again, such verses are merely abstract, intellectual observations that do not clearly, specifically state that law keeping can be abandoned. The Greek for “fulfills” in those verses also merely means to complete or make more perfect, NOT to replace or substitute.
3) Yes, some people claim that the Mosaic laws are for the Jews only. They ignore a) Micah 4:2 which reveals that ultimately the law, which includes many but not all the Mosaic laws, will be preached worldwide from Jerusalem and b) Romans 2:10-13 saying that the Lord will judge everyone by the same standard, which is the remaining valid part of the Mosaic law plus its magnified NT laws.
4) Yes, some claim that since Christians have been “born again,” they can no longer lose their salvation through sin. No human, except Jesus, has ever been “born again,” though, because this involves being born into a literally immortal, non-physical, non-flesh, spirit body that could not possibly consist of flesh and blood according to John 3:3-8,13. When was the last time you saw a “born again” Christian BECOME INVISIBLE AT WILL, LIKE THE WIND, as Jesus clearly described such Christians? “Born again” Christians also ignore 1 Corinthians 9:27 which reveals that Paul himself admits that he could lose his salvation if he does not continue to reasonably discipline himself to avoid sin.
5) And yes, some verses do criticize OT law keeping (when ONLY law keeping is used to acquire salvation) by some people, including especially “hard core,” stubborn Jews, who INSIST on using ONLY law keeping to save them from their sins. These people REFUSE to accept grace and the atoning, sacrificial death of Jesus to cover their sins. Galatians 3:10,11,13, 4:21, 5:1-4, and Romans 3:28 are some examples of those kinds of verses.
BUT WHAT ARE YOU GOING TO DO WITH MATTHEW 5:20, 7:23, 13:41,42, 24:12, ROMANS 2:13, 3:31, 6:1,2,15 AND OVER 95 OTHER PRO-LAW KEEPING NT VERSES, REGARD THEM AS OUTRIGHT, DELIBERATE LIES FROM GOD ALMIGHTY HIMSELF, WHO DOES NOT LIE? NO, OF COURSE NOT!
Merely not explicitly itemizing in the NT all still applicable OT laws is not sufficient, conclusive proof, beyond reasonable doubt, that those laws have been done away with.When the NT was being written, the Apostles knew that Christians were able to read about those laws in the OT, and to record all of them again in the NT probably would have been considered unnecessarily redundant.
Romans 3:19: “…… whatever the law says, it says to those who ARE under the law,” again revealing the law never was really annulled. Verse 23: “…… for ALL have sinned ……” indicates that the law applies to everybody, not just to the Jews.
HEBREWS 10:16: “This is the covenant that I will make with them after those days, says the Lord: I will put my LAWS into their hearts, and in their minds I will write them.” The Greek for “LAWS” in the above verse is nomos, 3551, which refers primarily to the MOSAIC LAWS.
The following strongly law keeping verse is among dozens of similar verses CLEARLY DISPELLING any remaining confusion about whether or not the law still needs to be observed.
Romans 6:1,2: “What shall we say then? Shall we continue in sin, that grace may abound? 2 GOD FORBID. How shall we, that are dead to sin, live any longer therein?” (King James Version)
THE STILL VALID TITHING LAWS
Tithing PREDATES the laws of Moses as shown by Genesis 14:20 and 28:22.
MATTHEW 23:23: “…….. You OUGHT TO TITHE but without forgetting about those more important matters.” (Common English Bible)
LUKE 11:42: “…….. You should be fair and kind to others and still GIVE A TENTH to God.” (Contemporary English Version)
Since 3 different tithes exist, Jesus must have referred to all 3 tithes since Jesus did not specifically identify which tithe should be paid. Payment of the third year food tithe for the hungry plus the regular and festival tithe is obviously still mandatory because the scribes and Pharisees in these verses ROUTINELY OBSERVED ALL THREE KINDS of tithes! They could afford to pay all 3 tithes because they were divinely blessed financially for observing those laws.
LUKE 18:12: “……….. I pay the tithe on ALL my gains.” (Weymouth New Testament) Although Jesus criticized the tithing Pharisee for being snobbishly proud in this verse, the fact that the Pharisee paid, to be truly righteous, tithes on all of his profits provides additional confirmation of the need to tithe on ALL sources of income, including wages, trading, investments, etc. as well as farming and ranching operations. The Pharisees generally were not farmers or ranchers. They were teachers, judges, bureaucrats, and scribes copying documents living primarily in Jerusalem where no farms or ranches even existed. Some misinformed people incorrectly claim that tithes should only be paid on agricultural and livestock profits, which is not true, and certainly not logical.
2 CHRONICLES 31:5: “……… the children of Israel brought in abundantly the first fruits of grain and wine, oil and honey, and of all the produce of the field; AND they brought in abundantly the TITHE OF EVERYTHING.” Since this verse initially stated that the first fruits (apparently the tithes) of ALL the produce of the field was brought in, the additional words “and they brought in abundantly the tithe of EVERYTHING,” instead of being merely redundant, most likely meant non-agricultural income. The word “everything” very probably means all income, whether it is from agriculture, carpentry wages, rental income, salaries, etc.
MATTHEW 5:20: “FOR I SAY TO YOU PEOPLE, YOU WILL NOT ENTER THE KINGDOM OF HEAVEN UNLESS WHAT YOU DO THAT IS RIGHT EXCELS WHAT THE EXPERTS IN THE LAW OF MOSES AND THE PHARISEES [i. e., a strict sect of the Jewish religion] DO THAT IS RIGHT.” (An Understandable Version) The Scribes and Pharisees Jesus was referring to were deficient in mercy and fairness in their dealings with some people, so we need to be more righteous in that department as well as copycat the observance of many OT laws such as tithing, which the Scribes and Pharisees strictly observed.
MALACHI 3:8,9: “Will a man rob God? …… In what way have we robbed You? In tithes and offerings. 9 You are CURSED WITH A CURSE, for you have robbed Me ……”
EPHESIANS 2:19,20: “…… the household of God, 20 having been built on the foundation of the apostles AND PROPHETS ……” Malachi reminded us of the continuing need to tithe.
THE STILL VALID DIETARY LAWS
2 CORINTHIANS 6:17: “Come out, then, from among them …….., separate yourselves from them, and DO NOT EVEN TOUCH what is UNCLEAN ……..” (Knox New Testament)
Mainstream Christians routinely touch and eat bacon, crabs, etc. The above New Testament verse provides additional evidence the dietary laws are still valid, which implies that SOME other Mosaic laws are still valid, too. The original Greek word for “touch” is haptomai, defined by Thayer as “……. to fasten to ……. adhere to, cling to, ……. to touch …….” In accordance with other commentators Thayer further defines haptomai as “……. have no intercourse with the Gentiles, no fellowship in their heathenish practices ……. the things not to be touched appear to be both women (unbelievers) and certain kinds of food (forbidden food) ……. ” (parentheses added) The original Greek word for “unclean” in the above verse is akathartos, which in accordance with Thayer is defined as “……. that which must be abstained from according to the LEVITICAL law, lest impurity be contracted …….” which of course would include food.
How can mainstreamers now declare “clean” and edible what will STILL be unclean over 1,000 years from now (after the millennium, Isaiah 66:17) and was so unclean long ago about 1,000 years BEFORE the codification of the Mosaic laws that EVEN NOAH HIMSELF recognized some animals as clearly forbidden to eat (Genesis 7:2,8, 8:20), according to specific Biblical verses?
GENESIS 7:1,2,8, 8:20: “Noah, ‘Come into the ark ….. 2 ….. take with you seven each of every clean animal, a male and his female; two each of animals that are unclean ….. 8 Of clean animals, of animals that are unclean …..” 8:20: “Then Noah built an altar ….. and took of every clean animal and of every clean bird, and offered burnt offerings …..” Our Creator considered certain animals as forbidden to eat long before Moses was even born, and long before the Mosaic laws were formally established. The obvious implication is that the forbidden foods always were and always will be forbidden to eat. Apparently more clean animals were brought into the ark than unclean ones to provide edible food for Noah and his family during the year long voyage. The following very specific verses in Isaiah also instantly end support for the false teaching that the dietary laws are abolished:
ISAIAH 66:17,22: “These people ……… eat the meat of PIGS and RATS (people in some countries such as Malawi even today eat cooked mice) and OTHER HATEFUL THINGS (forbidden aquatic creatures or “creeping things”).But they will all be destroyed together,’ says the Lord ……… 22 I will make NEW HEAVENS and the NEW EARTH which will last forever ………” — New Century Version
Isaiah 65:17,25 and 66:22 show that these two chapters, where the words “swine’s flesh” and “Sabbath” appear, refer to a FUTURE age that has not yet arrived, a time when the earth will be literally reshaped into a new earth, an age when Jesus Christ will have returned a second time in great glory. In this future new age even some animals will be changed since 65:25 reveals that lions and wolves will peacefully eat grass like sheep, instead of meat. In that future age the Mosaic dietary laws will obviously be mercilessly enforced.
EPHESIANS 2:19,20: “…… the household of God, 20 having been built on the foundation of the apostles AND PROPHETS ……” Isaiah’s warning about the consequences of ignoring the food laws in the future logically applies to the present age, too.
REVELATION 18:2: “The angel shouted, ‘Fallen! Powerful Babylon has fallen and is now the home of demons. It is the den of …….. all UNCLEAN BIRDS …..” (Contemporary English Version) This verse provides additional proof that some birds are still classified as “UNCLEAN,” or still forbidden to eat, in NT times. This verse helps CONFIRM that the forbidden foods NEVER WERE “CLEANSED” and are therefore still forbidden to ingest!
ACTS 10:14: “But Peter said, ‘Not so, Lord! For I have NEVER eaten anything common or unclean.” Peter’s statement is evidence that ALL the like minded Apostles strictly obeyed the dietary laws.
MARK 5:2-17 reveals that Jesus supported the dietary laws by allowing an extremely large amount of forbidden pork to be destroyed.
THE STILL VALID, MOSTLY PROPHETIC FESTIVALS
There are seven festivals that help reveal God’s overall plan of salvation. Seven in the Bible often represents completion or perfection. Leviticus 23:2 reveals that THESE ARE GOD’S FESTIVALS, NOT THE JEWS’ FESTIVALS. To correctly observe these annual holy days, assuming you are physically able to, you need to observe them when and where a righteous church observes them, especially since financial offerings are mandatory at three of them. Deuteronomy 16:16,17: “All your males must show themselves before the Lord your God three times a year in the place He chooses, at the Special Supper of Bread Without Yeast, the Special Supper of the First Fruits of the Land, and the Special Supper of Tents. They must not show themselves before the Lord with nothing in their hands. 17 Every man should give as he is able ……” (New Life Version) Quite amazingly, the last FOUR PROPHETIC FESTIVALS below seem to celebrate in advance, in chronological order, MAJOR EVENTS (the return of Jesus, the temporary removal of Satan, the Christian millennium [Revelation 20], then the second, main resurrection offering salvation to those who were not in the first resurrection) IN GOD’S PLAN OF SALVATION that have not yet occurred. Colossians 2:16,17: “……. regarding a festival …… or sabbaths, 17 which are a shadow of things to come ……”
PASSOVER was originally commanded in Exodus 12:2-14 and Leviticus 23:5. Jesus now represents the Passover lamb according to 1 Peter 2:24 and 1 Corinthians 5:7. Jesus Christ has instituted the New Testament symbols of bread and wine to represent His broken body and shed blood during this still binding festival.
THE FEAST OF UNLEAVENED BREAD is confirmed in the NT by two verses. Corinthians 5:8: “So then we should be keeping the feast ……..” (Analytical Literal Translation) This verse refers to the 7 day Feast of Unleavened Bread. This is not just a suggestion or metaphor by Paul, who was never Jewish, but from the Israeli tribe of Benjamin, a converted Christian. This is an actual reminder by Paul to literally continue faithfully observing the Levitical week long eating of unleavened bread to remind us to not be excessively proud, arrogant, or otherwise unrighteous. Leaven when added to bread “puffs up” and makes it rise when baked. Eating flat, unleavened bread is an annual, gentle reminder (which can be tasty with good recipes) to be more humble, less unreasonably proud, less egotistically “puffed up,” and therefore more righteous. Acts 20:6: “But we sailed away from Philippi after the Days of Unleavened Bread and in five days ……” This is one more verse that shows that Paul himself even well after the death of Jesus continued to obediently keep the 7 day Festival of Unleavened Bread. Exodus 12:15,19: “…… whoever shall eat leaven, that soul shall be utterly destroyed from Israel, from the first day until the seventh day. …… 19 …… whosoever shall eat anything leavened, that soul shall be cut off from the congregation of Israel, both among the occupiers of the land and the original inhabitants.” (Complete Apostle’s Bible)
PENTECOST, first commanded in Exodus 34:22 and Leviticus 23:15,16, celebrates the day that the New Testament Church began with the outpouring of the Holy Spirit, Acts 2:1-15.
THE FEAST OF TRUMPETS is called Rosh Hashana by the Jews and according to Leviticus 23:24,25 celebrates the approaching day that Jesus will return to the earth to establish the Kingdom of God, Revelation 11:15.
THE DAY OF ATONEMENT is commanded in Leviticus 23:26-32. Acts 27:9: “…… sailing was now dangerous because the FAST was already over, Paul advised them.” This verse is further evidence that the Apostles continued to obey OT laws such as the 24 hour foodless and waterless fasting Day of Atonement, called Yom Kippur by the Jews, a day that all Christians today still need to keep. This holy day celebrates in advance the day when Satan will be bound for one thousand years after Jesus has returned, immediately before the Christian millennium, Revelation 20:1-3. Leviticus 23:29: “For any person who is not afflicted in soul on that same day shall be cut off from his people.” The Hebrew for “afflicted” is Strong’s 6031, referring to fasting (not eating food nor drinking liquids), Isaiah 58:3,5, Ezra 8:21, Esther 4:16. Leviticus 23:29: “Suppose you do eat food on that day. Then you will be cut off from your people.” (New International Reader’s Version) Leviticus 23:30: “I will kill those who do any work on that day.” (God’s Word Translation)
THE FEAST OF TABERNACLES is commanded in Leviticus 23:34-42. Acts 18:21: “….. ‘I must by all means keep this coming feast in Jerusalem;” Since this was in the fall, it must have referred to the Feast of Tabernacles, another Mosaic festival the first century Christians diligently observed. They did not consider it abolished. Note Paul’s words of urgency: “I must by all means.” We need to attend this yearly feast, too, that celebrates in advance the coming 1,000 year millennium (mentioned 6 times in Revelation 20), ruled in person by Jesus and His resurrected saints on the earth. Zechariah 14:16-19 warns that nations that refuse to attend this feast in the future will be punished with plagues.
THE LAST GREAT DAY, or Eighth Day Festival, celebrates in advance the second resurrection (Ezekiel 37:14, Matthew 12:41,42, Revelation 20:5 [verse 4 is the first resurrection]), and occurs immediately after the last day of the 7 day Feast of Tabernacles according to Leviticus 23:36.
THE STILL VALID SATURDAY SABBATH
INTENSE HATRED and INTENSE DISGUST, according to Amos 5:21, are the emotions God holds for all religious holidays AND ALL RELIGIOUS ASSEMBLIES, especially those He never commanded such as Sunday rest, when pagan gods and pagan practices are mingled with those holidays or religious assemblies. Those people who were responsible for changing Saturday Sabbath worship to Sundays chose Sunday partly to honor certain pagan gods.
AMOS 5:21: “I hate all your …… religious festivals and solemn assemblies.” (New Living Translation)
LUKE 4:16: “….. as His custom was, He went into the synagogue on the Sabbath day, and stood up to read.”
GENESIS 2:2,3: “….. God ….. rested on the seventh day from all His work ….. 3 Then God blessed the seventh day and sanctioned it …..” The Saturday Sabbath was created more than a thousand years before Moses was ever even born, so the Sabbath PREDATES the Mosaic laws, making any imagined, wholesale “abolition” of the Mosaic laws irrelevant. Both God the Father and His Son, Jesus Christ, of course rested on that Saturday because They are in agreement about such things. Since Jesus instructed His disciples to do as He did, which would also apply to all Christians, Saturday rest is still in force for everyone. 1 JOHN 2:6: “He who says he abides in Him ought himself also to walk just as He walked.” LUKE 6:40: “A pupil is not superior to his teacher, but everyone [when he is] completely trained (readjusted, restored, set to rights, and perfected) will be like his teacher.” (The Amplified Bible)
HEBREWS 13:8: “Jesus Christ is the same yesterday, today, and forever.” (Easy-To-Read Version)
DEUTERONOMY 4:2: “You shall not add to the word which I command you, nor take from it …..” Mainstream Christians have flagrantly violated the last two verses by taking away the Saturday Sabbath and, usurping divine authority, replacing it with first day of the week pagan Sunday rest and worship. Further evidence that mandatory obedience to the Sabbath PREDATES the formal establishment of the law at Mount Sinai is found in Exodus 16:23-30. Israel was reminded to keep the Sabbath even before they came to Mount Sinai, when God gave them manna to eat. Exodus 16:25,27,28: “….. Eat that today, for today is a Sabbath to the Lord; today you will not find it in the field. 27 ….. some of the people went out on the seventh day to gather, but they found none. 28 And the Lord said to Moses, ‘How long do you refuse to keep My commandments and My laws?”
MATTHEW 24:20: “And pray that your flight may not be in winter or ON THE SABBATH day” shows convincingly that we need to still avoid work on every Saturday. Doesn’t that verse basically mean “You certainly must not work on Saturdays (excluding rare emergencies, food preparation, church attendance, etc.)?” Yes, that verse definitely means that. Isn’t “flight” work and obviously stressful activity that is the opposite of rest? The Sabbath, which always refers to Saturday in the Bible, has not been abolished nor temporarily suspended because this verse refers to the future, the time of “Armageddon,” that has not occurred yet. Why would Jesus refer to the Sabbath so emphatically, that we are commanded to pray about it, if the Sabbath was not still extremely important?
HEBREWS 4:9: “So that there is still a SABBATH – KEEPING for the people of God.” (Bible in Basic English) “A Sabbath – keeping” strongly implies a continued physical keeping of the weekly Sabbath that includes a future millennial rest for Christians. For a discussion showing that the above verse provides additional confirmation that the Mosaic law to rest on each Saturday is very much still in force go to gnmagazine.org/booklets/SS/ sabbath-rest. After you have read that go to gnmagazine.org/issues/gn05/ storyofrest. I think most unbiased, nonreligious people would quickly agree that Jesus’ admonishment to pray that your flight not be on the Sabbath is basically the same as the statement
“DON’T YOU DARE DO ANY WORK ON SATURDAYS”
which confirms that the Mosaic Saturday rest law is very much still valid!! Not one but two verses in Exodus 31, verses 14 and 15 warn that death was and very much still is even today the potential penalty for deliberately working on Saturdays according to Matthew 7:21-23 and 13:41-42. The painful death by stoning of someone caught working on a Saturday is recorded in Numbers 15:32-36, which is another reminder to this very day of the potential consequences of breaking only one of the laws of Moses.
EPHESIANS 2:19,20: “…… the household of God, 20 having been built on the foundation of the apostles AND PROPHETS ……” The Saturday Sabbath teachings of the prophets Isaiah, Moses, Jeremiah, and Nehemiah are part of the foundational doctrines of Christianity.
ISAIAH 66:22,23: “I will make new heavens and the new earth which will last forever ……. 23 ALL PEOPLE will come to worship Me every SABBATH …….,’ says the Lord.” (New Century Version) VERSE 23 MEANS THAT IN THE DISTANT FUTURE ALL PEOPLE AROUND THE GLOBE WILL BE FORCED TO ATTEND CHURCH SERVICES ON SATURDAYS, NOT SUNDAYS.
MARK 2:27: “……. The SABBATH was made for man …….”
ISAIAH 56:6,7: “……. Everyone who keeps from defiling the SABBATH……. 7 ……. I will ……. make them joyful in MY HOUSE of prayer …….. For MY HOUSE shall be called a house of prayer for ALL NATIONS.” The words “my house” above refer to Christianity. THIS IS ANOTHER PROPHECY THAT SATURDAY REST AND WORSHIP WILL BE WORLDWIDE IN EVERY NATION IN THE DISTANT FUTURE. Numerous NT verses command us to obey the “commandments,” referring to the Ten Commandments. Since the commandments contain the fourth commandment requiring rest on Saturdays, the “commandments” are additional evidence that the Sabbath law must still be in force. Unlike the circumcision, Levitical priesthood, and sacrifice laws, the Sabbath law never was specifically singled out by any apostle as abolished. Verses which basically say “keep the commandments” include the following: Matthew 19:17, John 14:15, 14:21, 15:10, 1 Corinthians 7:19, 1 John 2:3,4, 3:22,24, 5:2,3, Revelation 12:17 and 14:12. ____________________________________________________________________ 1 CORINTHIANS 9:27: “But I discipline my body and bring it into subjection, lest, when I have preached to others, I myself should become DISQUALIFIED.” Paul admits he himself could fail to be saved! The Greek word for “DISQUALIFIED” is adokimos, Strong’s 96, defined as unapproved, rejected, worthless, castaway, and reprobate. 2 Corinthians 13:5: “….. Do you not know yourselves, that Jesus Christ is in you?—unless indeed you are DISQUALIFIED.” The very same Greek word adokimos also appears in 2 Corinthians 13:5 as the original Greek word for “DISQUALIFIED,” very strongly implying that Paul in 1 Corinthians 9:27 was admitting that he could lose his salvation by no longer having “Jesus in him” if his sins were serious and prolonged enough to “disqualify” him. Titus 1:16: “They profess to know God, but in works they deny Him, being abominable, disobedient, and DISQUALIFIED for every good work.” Adokimos in verse 16 again appears in the Greek for the word “DISQUALIFIED.” Therefore deliberate, sustained failure to obey NT as well as OT laws can still cost Christians their salvation. Concerning sins committed after our repentance and baptism, however, Jesus is also our “mediator.” 1 John 2:1 reveals that when we sin, we can further repent and confess our sins in prayer, and Jesus can then plead our case with God the Father.
Living Bible: “Well then, if we are saved by faith, does this mean that we no longer need to OBEY God’s law (nomos-Mosaic laws, 3551)? JUST THE OPPOSITE! In fact, only when we trust Jesus can we truly OBEY Him.”
God’s Word Translation: “Are we abolishing Moses’ Teachings by this faith? THAT’S UNTHINKABLE! Rather, we are SUPPORTING Moses’ teachings.”
Some safe haven, law keeping, first century like churches include the Church of God, a Worldwide Association (this is the one I attend), the United Church of God, an International Association, and the Living Church of God. There are also some other very good remnant churches of the former Worldwide Church of God. These three churches combined with other like minded, sister churches have over 750 local congregations around the world.
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Scripture taken from the Good News Translation-Second Edition, Copyright 1992 by American Bible Society. Used by Permission.
Scripture taken from the New King James Version®. Copyright © 1982 by Thomas Nelson, Inc. Used by permission. All rights reserved. Unless indicated otherwise, all Biblical quotations are from the New King James Version.
Scripture taken from the Good News Translation in Today’s English Version- Second Edition Copyright © 1992 by American Bible Society. Used by Permission.
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